St John’s Fort, Malacca (Jalan Ujong Pasir, 75050 Melaka, Malaysia ) is located at the South of Malacca, about 2.5km from downtown Malacca. It is located on top of the St John Hill, commonly known as Bukit Senjuang by the locals. The fort is part of the UNESCO world heritage site in Malacca.
During the Portuguese colonisation, on top of the hill stands a private Portuguese chapel dedicated to St John the Baptist, thus giving the name to the hill. The chapel was destroyed during battles between the Johoreans and Acehnese, who were fighting against the Portuguese. A century later the Dutch build the St John’s fort on the hill to fend off attacks from the Bugis.
The fort was fortified with bronze cannons and guns inscribed with their origin of casting, showing Amstelodami, which means Amsterdam indicating their Dutch origin. A unique feature of the fort is that the canons were placed facing inland, which is different from most forts where their canons and guns face the sea as attacks come from water. The Canon faces inland as most attacks were from the Bugis that fights from inland.
In the present day, the fort and hill make a perfect location for views of the Malacca skyline as well as an ideal place to observe the sunset down the Straits of Malacca. Love St John’s Fort, Malacca? We found four other historical and heritage sites which reflect the coming together of historical and cultural influences from the Asia with those of Europe across the long span of time. Take a look at the St Paul’s Church, the A’ Famosa Fortress, the Stadthuys and the Cheng Hoong Teng Temple to find more about each place!
Photos credit: The Interesting Historical Facts Of Malaysia